Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence

Law

Summary of New York State Domestic Violence and Related Laws by Subject (beginning from 1995)

Subject Categories

Economic Protections/Contracts
Financial/Economic Abuse  - A.7400 Weinstein/S.5821 Robach

Addresses financial and economic abuse by adding certain crimes of identity theft, larceny and coercion to the list of family offenses in the Family Court Act and the criminal procedure law.  The new law also adds a new condition that can be included in orders of protection, requiring the abuser to return specified “identification documents,” such as a passport, immigration papers, social security card, benefits or insurance card, etc., to the protected party.

Signed:  December 18, 2013 Chapter 526

Effective:  December 18, 2013

Amends:  Family Court Act §§446; 551; 656; 812(1); 821(1)(a); 842; 1056(1)

Domestic Relations Law §252(1)

Criminal Procedure Law §§530.11(1); 530.12(1)

Membership Camping Contracts – Amendment - A.581 Dinowitz/S.2339 Maziarz

Removes a provision that gave campground owners the authority to investigate a victim’s request to cancel a membership camping contract.  If the victim can provide documentation that the other signee of the contract perpetrated domestic violence against them, the victim’s part of the membership can be cancelled.   The campground owner cannot investigate whether the alleged abuser would present a danger to campground users or employees or take action, based on the victim’s request, to terminate the abuser’s membership.   Based on concerns for victims’ safety, this amendment was agreed upon when the Governor signed the original campership bill in 2012.

Signed: April 9, 2013 Chapter 17

Effective:  Back to February 13, 2013, when the 2012 membership camping contract law went into effect

Amends:  General Business Law §654-a(2)(5)

Membership Camping Contracts  (A.9020-B Jaffee /S.6429-A Robach)

Allows individuals with membership camping contracts to cancel their part of a contract under certain conditions, including domestic violence, if the victim can provide documentation that the other signee of the contract perpetrated domestic violence against them.

Based on concerns raised regarding victim safety, the Governor’s approval memo notes that the Legislature has agreed to eliminate the portion of the law that would allow campground operators to investigate whether the alleged abuser would present a danger to campground users or employees, and take subsequent action to terminate their membership.

Signed: 2012 Chapter 383

Effective: February 13, 2013  

Amends:  General Business Law §654-a

Free Credit Report Freeze (A.8634-D Pheffer/S.5543-E Fuscillo)

Allows victims of domestic violence to protect their credit reports by placing, or temporarily lifting, a freeze on their credit report, without charge. To be eligible, victims must have an order of protection, a DIR (domestic incident report), a police report, or a signed affidavit from a service provider. Prohibits credit reporting agencies from sharing with any third party the basis for the requested freeze.

Signed: 2008 Chapter 406

Effective: August 5, 2008

Amends:  General Business Law §380-t(b) and (n)